According to the World Gold Council’s (WGC) latest quarterly report, worldwide gold demand, excluding over-the-counter (OTC) markets, was 28% higher year-over-year. While demand jumped higher than last year in the third quarter, central bank gold buying tapped an all-time quarterly record in Q3 2022. The quarterly report indicates that the world’s central banks purchased close to 400 tons of gold and the WGC study says that it’s the “ost on record.”
Q3 2022 Data Shows the World’s Central Banks Stacked Close to 400 Tons of Gold
On Nov. 1, 2022, the World Gold Council (WGC) published the organization’s “Gold Demand Trends Q3 2022” report, which highlights the current trends tethered to gold and the precious metal’s markets during the third quarter. WGC’s report, published on gold.org, says the third quarter was healthy and was driven by “stronger consumer and central bank buying.” WGC highlights that these factors helped year-to-date demand “recover to pre-Covid norms.”
“Gold demand (excluding OTC) in Q3 was 28% higher y-o-y at 1,181t,” WGC’s report notes. “Year-to-date demand increased 18% vs the same period in 2021, returning to pre-pandemic levels.”
While consumer demand for gold has risen, demand for gold from central banks has reached an all-time high, as far as central bank quarterly purchases are concerned. The biggest Q3 2022 buyers out of all the central banks stemmed from Turkey, Uzbekistan, and Qatar.
“Turkey remained the largest reported gold buyer this year,” WGC’s report details. ”It added 31t in Q3, lifting its gold reserves to 489t (29% of total reserves). Year-to-date it has added 95t to gold reserves.”
WGC researchers noted that Uzbekistan is steadily stacking gold as it purchased 26 tons of the precious metal in Q3. The report explains that Uzbekistan has also been “a consistent buyer of gold” during the last two quarters.
The Qatar Central Bank secured a record purchase when it bought 15 tons of gold during the third quarter. WGC says Qatar’s gold purchase “appears to be its largest monthly acquisition on record back to 1967.”
The WGC report details that there are also central banks that are not reporting their gold acquisitions. “The level of official sector demand in Q3 is the combination of steady reported purchases by central banks and a substantial estimate for unreported buying,” the WGC report claims.
Kazakhstan sold 2 tons of gold during the third quarter, and the country’s central bank was the largest net seller in Q3. WGC researchers say that “it is not uncommon” for central banks “to swing between buying and selling.” The WGC study says that the official sector demand for gold confirms the findings from this year’s annual central bank survey.
“The continued trend of official sector demand for gold corroborates findings from our 2022 annual central bank survey, in which one-quarter of respondents stated their intention to increase gold reserves in the next 12 months (up from one-fifth in 2021),” the WGC researchers conclude in the central bank section of the report.